Human trafficking is the movement of a person from one place to another into conditions of exploitation, using deception, coercion, the abuse of power or the abuse of someone’s vulnerability. It is possible to be a victim of trafficking even if your consent has been given to being moved. Although human trafficking often involves an international cross-border element, it is also possible to be a victim of human trafficking within your own country.
There are three main elements:
- The movement – recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of people
- The control – threat, use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or vulnerability, or the giving of payments or benefits to a person in control of the victim
- The purpose – exploitation of a person, which includes prostitution and other sexual exploitation, forced labour, slavery or similar practices, and the removal of organs
Children cannot give consent to being moved, therefore the coercion or deception elements do not have to be present.
Countries throughout Europe translate and interpret the Palermo Protocol in different ways so the definition of what constitutes human trafficking can differ between nations.
Reporting human trafficking
In the first instance the point of contact for all human trafficking crimes should be the local police force. If you have information about human trafficking or hold urgent information that requires an immediate response dial 999.
If you are a victim, or hold information that could lead to the identification, discovery and recovery of victims in the UK, you can also contact Crimestoppers anonymously on 0800 555 111. Your information will be treated in the strictest confidence.